This is a broad term used to describe fishing in ocean or tidal waters which contain salt water. It includes a variety of fishing methods including surf or shore fishing, trolling or jigging from a boat and pier fishing. Subcategories include inshore and deep-sea fishing, each of which is based upon the location and species targeted.
The general term refers to several subspecies, many of which are popular gamefish, found throughout the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Depending on the specific subspecies they can be found near wrecks, reefs or similar underwater structure in water depths between 25 – 100 ft. They usually travel in large schools and best targeted when feeding.
The bonefish inhabit the tropical waters of the Bahamas and Southern Florida, where they concentrate in shallow mudflat to feed on crabs and shrimp. While large numbers may inhabit a single area, it is common to find fish swimming in pairs or even alone as they search for food. The species has become very popular with fly fishermen, many of whom utilize sight fishing as a primary means of locating individual fish. While they are edible the majority of anglers practice catch & release.
Best known by its other names Maui-Maui or dolphin fish the Dorado is an off shore gamefish species found in temperate, tropical & subtropical waters around the globe. Unlike many other off shore species, the Dorado spends a great deal of its time on the surface feeding near floating debris, which make it easier for anglers to target. They are known for their excellent taste, potential size and ornate color patterns including blue, yellow and green. Most anglers target weed lines or debris field trolling ballyhoo or sardines, although artificial lures and even flies have grown in popularity as well.
While the name redfish has been used to describe a wide variety of saltwater species worldwide U.S. anglers most commonly associate it with the red drum of the southern Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. This species is distinguished by its characteristic eyespot near the tail and the croaking or drumming noise made when distressed. Although once threatened by commercial fishing the species has rebounded and is now popular with recreational anglers throughout its range.
This is a local nickname for the popular striped bass, a widely popular gamefish found throughout the Atlantic Ocean and its East Coast tributaries. Although they spend the majority of their time cruising the coast region of the Mid-Atlantic states the annual spring migration finds them entering rivers and bays from Virginia to Maine. While many anglers will pursue them year-round it is during this migration when they are most successfully targeted. Considered by many to be the most popular saltwater gamefish they are known for not only their potential size and hard fighting ability but also their delicate, flakey texture when cooked.